Tanzania Safaris | Why Tanzania Safaris? | Where to go for Tanzania Safaris?
Tanzania the best safaris tour destination in East Africa, officially referred to as the United Republic of Tanzania was formed in 1964 after merging Tanganyika and Zanzibar. This was after she gained her independence making it the largest East African state. In 1995, the one-party rule in Tanzania came to an end and the first-ever democratic elections were conducted since the 1970s.
Zanzibar is part of Tanzania, but it is semi-autonomous and it is one area of interest for Tanzania safaris tour holidays, beach holidays, honeymooners, etc. Currently, Tanzania is under the leadership of Samia Suluhu Hassan who was sworn in as president following the sudden death of John Magufuli.
Trending Tanzania Wildlife Safaris | Mega Wild Safaris
Location of Tanzania | What Know About Tanzania Before Planning Safaris?
Formerly called Tanganyika, Tanzania is found in East Africa’s Great Lakes region. The bordering countries to Tanzania include Mozambique, Kenya, Uganda, Comoros Islands, Malawi, Indian Ocean, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, D.R. Congo, and Seychelles. 3 (three) of the Great Lakes in East Africa are all found in Tanzania including Lake Tanganyika (Africa’s deepest Lake also popular for its distinct fish species), Lake Victoria (the largest freshwater Lake in Africa), and Lake Nyassa/Lake Malawi.
Africa’s tallest mountain – Mt. Kilimanjaro is also located in Tanzania on the Northeastern side of the country. It is generally a mountainous and densely forested country in the North-eastern countryside and this is where the free-standing Kilimanjaro Mountain is found. Mountain climbing safaris in Tanzania are so exciting at the highest mountain in Africa.
The Eastern shore of Tanzania is hot and humid, and this is where the renowned magical Zanzibar Archipelago is found. In Zanzibar, there is Menai Bay Conservation Area the biggest marine protected area on this island. There are also Kalambo waterfalls found on the Kalambo River just at the border of Zambia – this is Africa’s second-highest uninterrupted waterfall.
Size of Tanzania
Tanzania covers a large area of up to 947, 303sq.km – this is almost 3 times the size of Italy and even bigger than California. In Africa, it is the 13th biggest nation and worldwide, it is in the 31st position.
Over 50.1 million are estimated to live in Tanzania alone and its capital is Dodoma also the biggest city, chief port, and vibrant commercial and transportation center. In Tanzania, Kiswahili & English are official languages and in Zanzibar (which is also 1658sq.km), Arabic is widely spoken. Other cities that make up Tanzania (TZ) include Stone town, Mbeya, Arusha, Mtwara, and Mwanza.
Ethnic groups in Tanzania
99% of Tanzanians are native Africans, especially those living on the mainland. 95% of them are Bantu comprising over 130 tribes. The Europeans, Arabs, and Asians make up 1% of the country’s population. Zanzibar has a mix of native Africans, Arabs. This makes Tanzania one of the culturally diverse destinations in the world.
On cultural safaris in Tanzania, the tall Maasai warriors should be a must to interact with on a visit to Maasai villages, explore the ancient ways of the Hadza bushmen, farming practices of the Wameru, visit the Chaga people, etc.
Over 30% of Tanzanians are Christians, 35% are Muslim and 35% also are indigenous beliefs. Over 99% of the people living in Zanzibar are Muslim.
Kiswahili and English are all official languages and in Zanzibar, Arabic is widely spoken. In general, there are numerous local languages also spoken, and in terms of literacy, males represent 85.8% and females 70.7%.
The major natural resources in Tanzania safaris include natural gas, nickel, gold, diamonds, hydropower, phosphates, coal, iron ore, tin, gemstones, and more.
Tanzania’s agricultural products include sisal, cotton, tea, coffee, fruits, pyrethrum, bananas, livestock, vegetables, cashew nuts, cassava, and tobacco.
Safaris Tour Destination in Tanzania
Tanzania is amazingly one of leading Africa’s tourist destinations. The country boasts of its enormous attractions including the beautiful and extensive Lake Manyara National Park, Tarangire, Ruaha National Park, Selous Game Reserve, Mahale Mountains National Park, Gombe National Park, Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater/Conservation Area, the Great Lakes, Mount Kilimanjaro, Pemba, and Zanzibar Island, to mention but a few.
Over 32% of Tanzania’s terrestrial area is under some form of protection and it includes 10 wilderness areas under category Ib, 12 safaris tour Parks in Tanzania are under category II, 18 managed resource protected areas/category VI, 68 habitat or species management areas/category IV, etc. There are also 4 natural areas designated as World Heritage Sites plus 3 Biosphere Reserves. In addition, Tanzania has 3 Ramsar Wetlands of international significance.
More than 720 species in Tanzania are listed on the IUCN Red List of threatened and endangered species. These include one extinct species in the wild, 282 endangered species, 93 critically endangered, and 344 vulnerable species. There are also 8 sites also known to have an imminent risk of species extinction according to the Alliance for Zero Extinction. These host over 25 at-risk species.
Climate of Tanzania
Tanzania’s climate does vary depending on the location. The country experiences a tropical kind of climate, especially in the coastal areas, and a temperate climate in the interior highlands. The Northern and Central highlands of Tanzania experience one wet season from October or November to April.
The short rains are recorded from October to December also referred to as Vuli and the long rains from March to June – best known as Masika. Lake Tanganyika basins and the Southern highlands often record the highest rainfall amount.
Tanzania’s annual average temperature rise range from -3 to 27.8 degrees Celsius. The median annual average temperature recorded is 22.6 degrees Celsius while half of its land area records an average temperature rise of 21.3 to 23.9 degrees Celsius. Tanzania’s annual total precipitation is usually from 410 to 2440mm with median precipitation of about 970mm while half of its land area experiences annual total precipitation of 800 and 1110mm.