Rwanda culture has been a unified state populated by only the Banyarwanda people who share a single language and cultural heritage. Rwanda is still a developing country and one of the smallest African countries with the smallest population density and with only three groups of people. The Hutu, Tutsi, and the Twa. 84% of Rwanda’s population is Hutu tribe, 15% being Tutsi tribe and 1% is the Twa clan.
- Language of Rwanda
Kinyarwanda is Rwanda’s official national language and the language spoken by most population. French, English, and Swahili are also spoken by a small portion of Rwandans.
- Music and dance in Rwanda – Rwanda culture
Rwandan ceremonies and festivals have to be accompanied by beautiful Intore dances and songs of mighty Rwanda. Intore or Umushagiriro/cow dance consists of three components, the ballet which is performed by women, the dances of heroes performed by men, and the drums where music is translated orally with styles varying between the social groups.
Drums known as Ingoma are of great importance and the royal drummers have enjoyed high statuses within the courts of Mwami. Music and dances are also performed at social gatherings and storytelling.
National Ballet of Rwanda is the best dance group and it was acknowledged by president Habyarimana in 1974. National ballet is mainly performed during the nationally and internationally tradition.
However, Rwanda has a growing popular music industry influenced by East African Congolese and American music.
Rwandan food – Rwanda culture
Rwandan population relies on local staple foods produced by the traditional subsistence agriculture. Rwanda’s staples include bananas known as Ibitoke, pulses, sweet potatoes, beans, and cassava. Many Rwandans don’t eat meat and those around lakes have access to fish.
Lunch in Rwanda is always a buffet known as melange and this consists of all the above staple foods. Brochette is the most popular food eaten during evening hours and it is made from goat, but sometimes beef, pork or fish.
Ikivuguto, fermented milk is a common drink in Rwanda. Other drinks include a traditional beer called Urwagwa made from sorghum or bananas and this drink future most on the traditional rituals and ceremonies. Commercial beers brewed in Rwanda include primus, Mutzig, and Amstel.
- Rwanda’s marriage – Rwanda culture
Marriage is the most basic social institution in Rwanda and weddings have three parts. A traditional ceremony, civil ceremony, and religious ceremony.
Traditional ceremony contains ceremonies like the Gufata Irembo, Gusaba, Gutwikurura, and the Guca Mwirembo. These ceremonies allowed families to show their love for their families and keep relationships between the two families. Civil ceremonies depend on the amount of money you have for the occasion and the religious ceremony is done from church or mosques.
Art and craft
Different traditional arts and crafts are produced throughout the country. Woven baskets, bowls, pottery/ceramics, paintings, and wood carvings are all common in Rwanda.
The southeast of Rwanda is known for a unique cow dung art called Imigongo. Cow dung is mixed with natural soils of various colors and painted into patterned ridges forming geometric shapes.
- Housing in Rwanda – Rwanda culture
The majority of Rwandans do not afford the costs of building quality houses hence poor housing productions. In Rwanda, most urban residents still access housing through informal practices due to the formal sector failing to offer housing access schemes that cater for all.
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